R. D. Vargas-Sánchez, D. Velásquez-Jiménez, G. R. Torrescano-Urrutia, F. J. Ibarra-Arias, J. J. Portillo-Loera, F. G. Ríos-Rincón, H. E. Ramírez-Guerra, A. Sánchez-Escalante


La carne de codorniz japonesa (Coturnix coturnix japonica) se destina al consumo humano, por ello es importante mantener su calidad durante el almacenamiento. El objetivo fue evaluar la capacidad de la harina de Pleurotus ostreatus incluida en la dieta, para incrementar la actividad antioxidante total (AAT) de la carne. Para ello, se determinó el contenido de fenoles (CFT) y flavonoides totales (CFVT), así como actividad antiradical-DPPH• y ABTS•+, y poder reductor (PR) del extracto-acuoso de P. ostreatus (EAPO). Las codornices fueron alimentadas durante 35 días con tres dietas: control y suplementadas con P. ostreatus (1 y 2 %). La pechuga (Pectoralis major) se almacenó (10 días/2 °C/oscuridad) y se obtuvo un extracto-acuoso cárnico (EAC) para determinar la AAT. Los resultados mostraron que el EAPO presentó buen CFT y CFVT (27.3 mg EAG/g, y 16.1 mg EQc/g, respectivamente), así como 35 y 49.1 % de actividad antiradical-ABTS•+ y DPPH•, y 35 % de PR. El EAC, presentó valores de CFT, ABTS•+ y DPPH•, superiores al control (P≤0.05), no detectándose diferencias para el CFVT y PR (P≥0.05). En conclusión, la incorporación de P. ostreatus en la dieta de codorniz, incrementó la AAT del EAC durante su almacenamiento.

Palabras clave

Pleurotus ostreatus; Actividad antioxidante total; Codorniz japonesa; Extracto acuoso cárnico

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