Description of the main attributes (origin, gender, age, body condition, and slaughter weight) at slaughter house arrival and their impact on carcass characteristics from cull Quarter Horse

Autores/as

  • Felipe de Jesus Gamboa del Real
  • Octavio Carrillo Muro
  • Jairo Ivan Aguilera Soto
  • Pedro Hernandez Briano
  • Alejandro Rivera Villegas
  • Alberto Barreras Serrano
  • Alejadro Plascencia Jorquera
  • Alfredo Estrada Angulo
  • Jesus David Urias Estrada
  • Beatriz Isabel Castro-Pérez Facultad de medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v24i2.1543

Palabras clave:

Equino, cuarto de milla, atributos al sacrificio, rasgos de canal

Resumen

Para describir los efectos de origen (México y Estados Unidos de América), sexo, edad al sacrificio (AS, 4 categorías), puntaje de condición corporal (BCS, 5 categorías) y peso de faena (SW, 4 categorías) se utilizaron datos de 235 caballos cuartos de milla sacrificados en una misma instalación durante un período de 150 días. Del total, el 74.5 % provenían de EUA, el 80 % fue <15 años y una BCS ≤ 4, la proporción de sexos fue similar (51.5 % hembras vs 48.5 % machos). Los caballos EUA presentaron mayor SW (27 %), circunferencia de pierna (4 %), peso en canal (4.2 %) y rendimiento en canal (2.9 %). El sexo no afectó ninguna característica evaluada. Los caballos de 3 a 8 años presentaron mayor área del ojo de la costilla (REA) y grasa dorsal. Exceptuando la longitud de pierna, las características de la canal aumentaron linealmente a medida que aumentaron BCS y SW. Se concluye que origen, sexo y edad explican poco sobre las características de la canal. El peso al sacrifico explicó principalmente los cambios en las medidas lineales, peso de la canal e índice compacto, mientras que BCS explicó principalmente el rendimiento de la canal y REA.

 

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Publicado

2022-06-06

Cómo citar

Gamboa del Real, F. de J., Carrillo Muro, O., Aguilera Soto, J. I. ., Hernandez Briano, P., Rivera Villegas , A. ., Barreras Serrano, A., Plascencia Jorquera, A. ., Estrada Angulo, A., Urias Estrada, J. D., & Castro-Pérez, B. I. (2022). Description of the main attributes (origin, gender, age, body condition, and slaughter weight) at slaughter house arrival and their impact on carcass characteristics from cull Quarter Horse. Biotecnia, 24(2), 127–134. https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v24i2.1543

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