Recubrimiento comestible a base de alginato en combinación con eugenol nanoencapsulado y su efecto conservador en la vida útil de jitomate (Solanum lycopersicum)

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v23i3.1477

Palabras clave:

Vida útil, recubrimientos comestibles, eugenol, nanopartículas poliméricas y HS-SPME.

Resumen

Las deficiencias en la tecnología postcosecha y el ataque de fitopatógenos ocasionan que los productos hortofrutícolas, como el jitomate, presenten una vida útil muy corta. Además del daño económico, esto puede traer efectos negativos sobre la salud y el medio ambiente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar un recubrimiento activo de alginato de sodio en combinación con nanocápsulas poliméricas cargadas con eugenol (AL-NP-EUG) para mejorar la vida útil del jitomate. Utilizando la técnica de nanoprecipitación se obtuvieron NP con un tamaño de 171 nm, un índice de polidispersidad de 0.113 y un potencial zeta de –2.47 mV. Utilizando la técnica de HS-SPME con CG-FID, se determinó un porcentaje de eficiencia de encapsulación de 31.85 % para el EUG. El estudio de vida útil demostró que los jitomates tratados con el AL-NP-EUG mantuvieron por más tiempo la firmeza que aquellos sin el recubrimiento. Además, en el ensayo de patogenicidad se demostró que los jitomates con el AL-NP-EUG no presentaron signos de daño ocasionado por el fitopatógeno Colletotrichum gloesporoides. Se concluyó que la formulación de EUG nanoencapsulado e incorporado al recubrimiento comestible presenta alto potencial para su aplicación como nanoconservador natural de productos hortofrutícolas como el jitomate.

Citas

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2021-10-20

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