Remoción de negro de Eriocromo T de agua utilizando un material compuesto a base de quitosano/zeolita: un estudio cinético


  • Héctor Manuel Guzmán Grijalva Universidad de Sonora
  • Juana Alvarado Ibarra Departamento de Investigación en Polímeros y Materiales, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Son., México.
  • Martín Francisco Zamarrón Pulé Posgrado en Sustentabilidad, Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Son., México.
  • Javier Esquer Peralta Posgrado en Sustentabilidad, Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad de Sonora. Hermosillo, Son., México.


Palabras clave:

adsorción, material compuesto, quitosano, chabazita, modelo cinético


Se preparó un material compuesto utilizando quitosano y chabazita para la eliminación del colorante negro eriocromo T del agua. Los análisis de microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) mostraron que las partículas de chabazita se incrustaron en la matriz de quitosano. Los análisis termogravimétricos indicaron que el quitosano se degrada químicamente a temperaturas superiores a 225 °C; la chabazita sólo experimenta una disminución de peso debido a la pérdida de humedad. Los análisis de espectroscopia infrarroja por transformada de Fourier (FTIR) en el quitosano detectaron la presencia de enlaces O-H, N-H, C-H, C-N y C-O, grupos amino protonados y sacáridos. En la chabazita se detectaron moléculas de H2O, grupos T-O y O-T-O, donde la “T” corresponde a átomos de Si o Al, grupos O-H aislados y con enlaces H, y grupos Si-O-Si. En los experimentos cinéticos, se logró una disminución del 86 % de la concentración de colorante en la solución en aproximadamente 500 minutos. Se utilizó el método de linealización para evaluar el ajuste de los datos experimentales con los modelos cinéticos de adsorción de pseudo-primer orden, pseudo-segundo orden, Elovich y difusión intra-partícula. Los experimentos cinéticos mostraron que el mecanismo de sorción corresponde a un modelo de pseudo-segundo orden.


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