PROPIEDADES BIOLÓGICAS DE PÉPTIDOS DERIVADOS DEL COLÁGENO DE ORGANISMOS MARINOS

  • HE Ramírez-Guerra Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C.
  • JC Ramírez-Suárez Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C.
  • MA Mazorra-Manzano Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C.
Palabras clave: colágeno, gelatina, alimentos funcionales, péptidos bioactivos

Resumen

Las especies marinas, así como los subproductos generados a partir de su industrialización representan una valiosa fuente de proteínas, entre las que se encuentra el colágeno. Típicamente, el colágeno se utiliza para la elaboración de gelatina, alimentos funcionales, películas para fotografía, empaques biodegradables, productos de cosmetología, entre otros. Sin embargo, otra forma de aprovechamiento poco explorada y novedosa de este material es la obtención de péptidos con actividad biológica (PABs). Los PABs derivados del colágeno y gelatina a partir de especies marinas tienen un enorme potencial, debido a que poseen excelentes propiedades biológicas, tales como antioxidantes, antihipertensivas, anticancerígenas, antimicrobianas, neuroprotectoras, así como inducir el crecimiento de tejido óseo y retardar el envejecimiento de la piel, propiedades que se han asociado frecuentemente a la presencia de aminoácidos prolina e hidroxiprolina en la secuencia del péptido y ciertas características estructurales. El presente trabajo recopila los hallazgos más recientes sobre los efectos benéficos de los PABs derivados de colágeno y gelatina de especies marinas, con énfasis en las características estructurales que definen sus propiedades antioxidantes, antihipertensivas, anticancerígenas y antimicrobianas.

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2013-12-30
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