Síntesis de Nanopartículas Metálicas Usando Extractos Naturales de Plantas: Mecanismos de Síntesis y Aplicaciones

Síntesis de Nanopartículas Metálicas Usando Extractos Naturales de Plantas


  • DC Bouttier-Figueroa Departamento de Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Universidad de Sonora, Calle Rosales y Blvd. Luis Encinas S/N, Col. Centro. C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
  • M Cortez-Valadez CONACYT-Departamento de Investigación en Física, Universidad de Sonora
  • M Flores-Acosta CONAHCYT-Departamento de Investigación en Física, Universidad de Sonora, 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
  • RE Robles-Zepeda Departamento de Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Universidad de Sonora, Calle Rosales y Blvd. Luis Encinas S/N, Col. Centro. C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora, México



Palabras clave:

Extracto de Plantas, Nanopartículas Metálicas, Mecanismo de Formación, Síntesis Verde


Las nanopartículas metálicas tienen una amplia gama de aplicaciones en los sectores de la salud, la electrónica, la óptica, el magnetismo, la biorremediación, la química y la ciencia de los materiales. Varios métodos utilizados para producir nanopartículas no son amigables con el medio ambiente, por lo que esta revisión destaca los beneficios del uso de extractos de plantas para preparar nanopartículas metálicas para investigar un método ecológico. Los extractos de plantas contienen metabolitos secundarios, incluyendo flavonoides, alcaloides, terpenoides, compuestos fenólicos, polisacáridos, aminoácidos y proteínas. Los compuestos presentes en los extractos pueden reducir los iones metálicos de sales y permitir la formación de nanopartículas. Se revisaron los fundamentos de la síntesis de nanopartículas in situ, se realizó una lista de varias plantas utilizadas, los mecanismos propuestos para la síntesis de nanopartículas y, finalmente, se abordaron las aplicaciones en varias áreas.


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Cómo citar

Bouttier-Figueroa, D. C., Cortez-Valadez, J. M., Flores-Acosta, M., & Robles-Zepeda, R. E. (2023). Síntesis de Nanopartículas Metálicas Usando Extractos Naturales de Plantas: Mecanismos de Síntesis y Aplicaciones: Síntesis de Nanopartículas Metálicas Usando Extractos Naturales de Plantas. Biotecnia, 25(3), 125–139. https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v25i3.1916



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