Sincronía de la degradación ruminal de proteína cruda y materia orgánica de especies forrajeras como determinante de preferencia en cabras de libre pastoreo en el desierto sonorense de Baja California Sur

Degradación ruminal de proteína cruda y materia orgánica

Autores/as

  • Rafael Ramírez Orduña UABCS
  • José Angel Armenta-Quintana Departamento de Ciencia Animal y Conservación del hábitat. Universidad Autónoma de Baja Califor-12 nia Sur. Apartado Postal 676. La Paz Baja California Sur. 2300. México.
  • Juan Manuel Ramírez-Orduña
  • Raúl Avalos-Castro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v26i1.2103

Palabras clave:

cabras de agostadero; zonas aridas; índice de sincronización; índice de preferencia; consumo de forraje

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la relación existente entre el índice de preferencia (IP) y sincronía (IS) de especies forrajeras de Baja California Sur. Se obtuvieron muestras de las 23 especies forrajeras de árboles y arbustos para realizar análisis de digestibilidad in situ utilizando para ello cuatro cabras con encaste de criollas-Nubio. Se llevaron a cabo colecciones en invierno y primavera del 2004 y verano y otoño de 2005. La extensión de degradación por hora y total de 24 h se calculó a partir de la cantidad de MO y PC degradados por hora; estos datos se utilizaron para calcular el IS. El conjunto de datos del IP estacional se obtuvo de información publicada previamente. Se utilizó un modelo de regresión logística para explicar la probabilidad de ocurrencia del IP con el IS. El modelo de regresión para explicar el IP a partir del IS fue significativo y predictivo para seis especies, siendo positiva para Adelia virgata, Amaratus palmeri, Haematoxilon brasiletto, Lippia palmeri y Prosopis sp., y negativa para Bursera microphyla. Para otras especies arbóreas y las leguminosas en general, el modelo fue significativo, pero no predictivo, por lo tanto, es necesaria incluir otros factores para ajustar el modelo.

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Publicado

2023-12-11

Cómo citar

Ramírez Orduña, R., Armenta-Quintana, J. A., Ramírez-Orduña, J. M., & Avalos-Castro, R. (2023). Sincronía de la degradación ruminal de proteína cruda y materia orgánica de especies forrajeras como determinante de preferencia en cabras de libre pastoreo en el desierto sonorense de Baja California Sur: Degradación ruminal de proteína cruda y materia orgánica. Biotecnia, 26, 33–41. https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v26i1.2103

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