Efecto de levaduras de origen marino y ulvan en el control poscosecha de Penicillium italicum agente causal del moho azul en limón persa

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v23i3.1428

Palabras clave:

mecanismos antagónicos, control biológico, frutos, enzimas de defensa

Resumen

Penicillium italicum es el agente causal del moho azul en los cítricos. Su control es con fungicidas sintéticos, sin embargo, levaduras marinas y ulvan son una alternativa a los agro-productos sintéticos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el antagonismo in vitro de levaduras hacia P. italicum y su efecto con ulvan en el control del moho azul en frutos de limón persa. Se evaluó el efecto de ulvan sobre P. italicum y levaduras. Se determinó el antagonismo in vitro por confrontación entre levadura-fitopatógeno y competencia por carbohidratos. Se evaluó la protección de frutos con levaduras y ulvan hacia P. italicum y se determinó severidad e incidencia de la enfermedad y expresión de SOD, POX y CAT. No hubo efecto de ulvan sobre los microorganismos. In vitro las levaduras inhibieron al fitopatógeno. Los carbohidratos disminuyeron con levaduras y P. italicum y se inhibió la germinación de esporas del fitopatógeno. La incidencia de P. italicum en los frutos fue disminuida por levaduras y ulvan. POX, CAT y SOD se incrementó en los frutos con levaduras y ulvan. La aplicación de levaduras marinas más ulvan puede ser una opción en el control del moho azul en frutos de limón persa.

Biografía del autor/a

Luis Guillermo Hernández Montiel, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, Avenida Instituto Politécnico Nacional #195, Col. Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, CP 23096, La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico

Programa de Agricultura en Zonas Aridaas

Investigador Titular

Citas

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2021-09-29

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