Aplicación foliar suplementaria de Boro, Manganeso y Molibdeno como inductores de crecimiento, rendimiento y concentración de fitoquímicos en el cultivo de tomate

Microelementos en Tomate Saladette


  • Mariana Isabel García-Terrazas Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro image/svg+xml
  • Adalberto Benavides-Mendoza Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro image/svg+xml
  • Susana González-Morales Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro image/svg+xml
  • Julia Medrano-Macías Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro
  • Marcelino Cabrera-De La Fuente Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro



Palabras clave:

nutrición, micronutrientes, rendimiento, crecimiento, fitoquímicos


En el estudio se evaluó la aplicación foliar suplementaria de productos comerciales líquidos de B+3 (Basfoliar® con 13 % de B), Mn+2 (CRECITEC Mn® con 5 % de Mn) y Mo+6 (MOLIBION® con 9.2 % de Mo) sobre el rendimiento y fitoquímicos de tomate. Los tratamientos fueron: B+3 (1 mL L-1), Mn+2 (2 mL L-1), Mo+6 (1.5 mL L-1), sus interacciones (B+3+Mn+2, B+3+Mo+6, Mn+2+Mo+6 y B+3+Mn+2+Mo+6) y un testigo cada 15 d después del trasplante. Se utilizo un diseño de bloques completos al azar con ocho tratamientos y 10 repeticiones. Los tratamientos no modificaron el rendimiento, sin embargo, B+3+Mo+6 mejoró el diametro ecuatorial del fruto. Para altura de planta los tratamientos superaron al control a excepción de B+3 y Mn+2, y el número de hojas se incrementó con Mn+2 y Mo+6. El tratamiento de Mo+6 aumentó el peso seco total. En fruto, Mn incrementó las proteínas, B+3+Mo+6 y Mn+2 +Mo+6 disminuyeron los fenoles, B+3, Mo+6 y Mn+2+Mo+6 aumentaron los flavonoides y B+3+Mn+6 y Mn+3+Mo+6 disminuyeron el glutatión. B+3+Mo+6 incrementó licopeno, pero disminuyó el β-caroteno. Para capacidad antioxidante lipofílica, B+3+Mn+2 la incrementó y B+3+Mo+6 la disminuyó. La aplicación suplementaria de estos microelementos es adecuada para incrementar fitoquímicos en cultivos, sin afectar rendimientos.


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Cómo citar

García-Terrazas , M. I., Benavides-Mendoza , A., González-Morales, S., Medrano-Macías , J., & Cabrera-De La Fuente , M. (2024). Aplicación foliar suplementaria de Boro, Manganeso y Molibdeno como inductores de crecimiento, rendimiento y concentración de fitoquímicos en el cultivo de tomate: Microelementos en Tomate Saladette. Biotecnia, 26, 241–248. https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v26.2052



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