Biología reproductiva y contenido bioquímico gonadal de la cabrilla arenera, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus en la región de Bahía de Kino, Sonora//Reproductive biology and biochemical gonadal content of the spotted sand bass, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus in Kino Bay, Sonora

Autores/as

  • Enrique De-la-Re-Vega Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad de Sonora, Encinas y Rosales s/n. Hermosillo, Sonora https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7265-911X
  • Lorenzo Enrique Costich-González Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad de Sonora, Encinas y Rosales s/n. Hermosillo, Sonora
  • Rafael Del Rio-Salas Estación Regional del Noroeste, Instituto de Geología, Universidad Autónoma de México, Colosio y Madrid s/n, Hermosillo, Sonora, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4474-172X
  • Reina Castro-Longoria Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad de Sonora, Encinas y Rosales s/n. Hermosillo, Sonora https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9714-3144
  • José Manuel Grijalva-Chon Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad de Sonora, Encinas y Rosales s/n. Hermosillo, Sonora https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7215-918X
  • Martha Del Rio-Salas Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad de Sonora, Encinas y Rosales s/n. Hermosillo, Sonora
  • Christian Minjarez-Osorio Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad de Sonora, Encinas y Rosales s/n. Hermosillo, Sonora

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v22i1.1127

Palabras clave:

Cabrilla arenera, Biología reproductiva, Composición proximal, Histología

Resumen

A pesar de la importancia económica que representa la cabrilla arenera, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, la información acerca de sus aspectos reproductivos es escasa, por lo que se investigó su biología reproductiva así como su composición proximal de la gónada. Para ello, se capturaron 30 organismos mensualmente de marzo 2017 a febrero 2018. Los peces se midieron, pesaron y disectaron para obtener el factor de condición (K), el índice hepatosomático (IHS) y el índice gonadosomático (IGS). Adicionalmente, se preservó tejido de gónada para llevar a cabo el proceso histológico y la tinción hematoxilina-eosina. Los resultados indicaron que el IHS y el IGS fueron afectados significativamente (P<0.05). El análisis histológico evidenció la presencia de machos maduros en abril, así como de octubre a noviembre, y para las hembras, se observó la presencia de organismos desarrollados en abril y de octubre a diciembre. Adicionalmente, se detectó la presencia de organismos en transición de hembra a macho. El análisis proximal mostró el valor máximo de grasa en abril, lo cual coincidió con el menor valor de humedad. El análisis de proporción mostró una significativa dominancia de machos. Los datos obtenidos en la presente investigación coadyuvarán en la implementación de programas de protección para la especie.

ABSTRACT

Despite the economic importance of sand bass, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, little information regarding its reproductive aspects is known. In this study, gonadal maturity stage, biological indexes, proximate gonad composition and sex ratio proportion were determined. A total of 30 wild spotted sand bass were monthly obtained from March 2017 to February 2018. Organisms were measured, weighted and dissected in order to obtain the condition factor (K), hepatosomatic index (IHS) and gonadosomatic index (IGS). A small portion of gonad was preserved to perform the histological procedure, and stained with Harris´ hematoxilineosin technique. The results indicate that somatic indexes were significantly affected (P<0.05) in terms of IHS and IGS. Histological analysis showed the presence of ripe males in April and from October to November, and for females, the presence of developed organisms was observed in April and from October to December. Additionally, the presence of transitional organisms from female to male was observed. The proximate analysis showed the maximum crude fat value in April, which coincides with the lowest moisture value. Sex proportion showed a significant male dominance. These data provide valuable information for the development of protection programs to encourage a sustainable fishery of the species.

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2019-10-18

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