Respuesta de cilantro (Coriandrum sativum L.) a la luz LED azul y roja

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v23i2.1340

Palabras clave:

Coriandrum sativum L., cilantro, luz LED, ambiente controlado

Resumen

El cilantro es una especie ampliamente aceptada debido a usos culinarios y propiedades medicinales. Este podría desarrollarse en ambiente controlado con iluminación LED y permitiría tener una producción continua, con un aumento exponencial de rendimiento y estar libre de plagas y enfermedades. Hay poca investigación sobre la respuesta del cilantro en tales condiciones. Los objetivos fueron evaluar el efecto de cinco proporciones de luz LED azul:roja sobre parámetros de crecimiento en planta, concentración de pigmentos fotosintéticos y nutrimental en la parte aérea de cilantro ‘Gladiador’ bajo condiciones controladas de crecimiento. Los resultados se ajustaron a una regresión polinomial de tercer grado. Una proporción de luz azul (A) y roja (R) de A37.7 %:R62.3 % promovió los parámetros de crecimiento y concentración de pigmentos fotosintéticos, mientras que una proporción de luz azul y roja de A57.7 %:R42.3 % promovió la concentración nutrimental en la parte aérea de cilantro. Lo anterior permite deducir que para una posible producción comercial de cilantro, en condiciones de ambiente controlado, la mejor proporción de luz azul y roja es de A37.7 %:R62.3 % ya que se promueve el crecimiento y por lo tanto el rendimiento comercial.

Biografía del autor/a

Jorge Enrique Mendoza Paredes, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo

Doctorado en Ciencias en Horticultura, UACh (En finalización)

Maestría en Ciencias en Horticultura, UACh

Citas

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2021-06-16

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Mendoza Paredes, J. E., Castillo González, A. M., Valdez Aguilar, L. A., Avitia García, E., & García Mateos, M. del R. (2021). Respuesta de cilantro (Coriandrum sativum L.) a la luz LED azul y roja. Biotecnia, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v23i2.1340

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