Caracterización fisicoquímica y compuestos bioactivos en el coco (Cocos nucifera L.) y su aceite: Efecto del cultivar y región de cultivo

Autores/as

  • Luis Enrique Robles-Ozuna
  • Yesica yudith Martínez-Núñez
  • María del Refugio Robles-Burgueño
  • Martín Valenzuela-Meléndrez
  • Orlando Tortoledo-Ortíz
  • Tomás Madera-Santana
  • Luz del Carmen Montoya Ballesteros CIAD AC

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v23i2.1336

Palabras clave:

Coco, compuestos bioactivos, cultivares, región de cultivo.

Resumen

La pulpa y aceite de coco son altamente valorados por los efectos sobre la salud, éstas propiedades son atribuidas a compuestos bioactivos, principalmente a los ácidos grasos de cadena media, compuestos fenólicos y vitamina E. La concentración de los compuestos bioactivos, depende del cultivar, las condiciones bióticas y abióticas de la zona de cultivo. Se determinó el efecto del cultivar y zonas productoras, sobre los compuestos bioactivos en el coco y su aceite. Se analizaron las propiedades fisicoquímicas y los perfiles de componentes bioactivos en cultivares cosechados en Guerrero, Alto Pacifico-saladita, Enano Verde, e Hibrido y de Yucatán, Alto Pacífico-2, Enano Verde. Se encontro que las propiedades fisicoquímicas son diferentes dependiendo de la región de cultivo y el cultivar.  En relación al perfil de ácidos grasos principalmente los ácidos laúrico, mirístico  y palmítico, en los cultivares y las regiones no hay diferencia, pero si en el contenido de compuestos fenólicos y a-tocoferol. El cultivar Enano Verde  de Yucatán, es superior en el contenido de compuestos fenólicos (767.44 mg acido galico/100g), mientras que Alto Pacífico -Saladita en α-tocoferol ( 151.03µg/100g).Estos cultivares podrían significar un gran potencial en el contenido de compuestos fenólicos y α-tocoferol, además de los ácidos grasos de cadena media, en las regiones correspondientes.

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Publicado

2021-06-16

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Robles-Ozuna, L. E., Martínez-Núñez, Y. yudith, Robles-Burgueño, M. del R., Valenzuela-Meléndrez, M., Tortoledo-Ortíz, O., Madera-Santana, T., & Montoya Ballesteros, L. del C. (2021). Caracterización fisicoquímica y compuestos bioactivos en el coco (Cocos nucifera L.) y su aceite: Efecto del cultivar y región de cultivo. Biotecnia, 23(2), 22–29. https://doi.org/10.18633/biotecnia.v23i2.1336

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